"I was on tour with Fats Domino and Johnny 'Guitar' Watson in 1957. We started in New Orleans and was going all through Texas, Mississippi, Alabama and everywhere. And we were playing for a mixed audience. Because of Fats Domino, we was playing big auditoriums. The white people wanted to see Fats Domino and they wasn't going to stand for that segregation. See, in the '50s, in '55, when Jimmy Reed, Etta James and all of them used to go down on those package tours, the whites would have to be up in the balcony, while the blacks was downstairs dancin' with the band. But the people stopped Jim Crow at theaters and things. The audience did that on their own. They would come and break down the barriers. The white cops were trying to hold the white kids back from the blacks, and they broke the barriers down, started dancing with the blacks, and they started integrating. The music did that.
"Fats Domino started it. He was the first rock-and-roll guy. And everybody was buying his music. Whites liked his music as well as the blacks. And he was playing integrated clubs by the early fifties. I went on tour with him, we were playing Texas and everywhere, and there were as many whites in the audience as there was blacks. Then Bo Diddly came along, then Chuck Berry, then Little Richard, and that was it. That was the beginning of rock and roll."
~ Billy Boy Arnold sideman for Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters and Earl Hooker in the '50s